John Bardeen



FY9/Sun conjunction


>>John Bardeen (May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer. He is the only person to have won two Nobel Prizes in Physics: in 1956 for inventing the transistor, along with William Shockley and Walter Brattain, and in 1972 for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory, together with Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer. He was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in the same field.
The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, allowing the Information Age to occur, and made possible the development of almost every modern electronical device, from telephones to computers to missiles. His developments in superconductivity, which won him his second Nobel, are used in medical advances such as CAT scans and MRI.
In 1990, Bardeen appeared on LIFE Magazine 's list of "100 Most Influential Americans of the Century."

Early life
John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin on May 23, 1908. He was the second son of Dr. Charles R. Bardeen and Althea Harmer Bardeen. He was one of five children. His father, Charles Bardeen, was Professor of Anatomy and the first Dean of the Medical School of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Althea Bardeen, before marrying, had taught at the Dewey Laboratory School and run an interior decorating business; after marriage she was an active figure in the art world.
Bardeen's talent for mathematics was recognized early. His seventh grade mathematics teacher encouraged Bardeen in pursuing advanced work, and years later, Bardeen credited him for "first exciting [his] interest in mathematics."
Althea Bardeen became seriously ill with cancer when John was 12 years old. Charles Bardeen downplayed the seriousness of her illness so that it won't affect his children. John was stunned when his mother died. Charles Bardeen married Ruth Hames, who was his secretary, to give his children the family he thought they needed. However, this didn't helped young John and he barely passed French that year.
Bardeen attended the University High School at Madison for several years, but graduated from Madison Central High School in 1923. He graduated from high school at age fifteen, even though he could have graduated several years earlier. His graduation was postponed due to taking additional courses at another high school and also partly because of his mother's death. He entered the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1923. While in college he joined the Zeta Psi fraternity. He raised the needed membership fees partly by playing billiards. He was initiated as a member of Tau Beta Pi engineering honor society. He chose engineering because he didn't want to be an academic like his father and also because it had lots of maths. He also felt that engineering had good job prospects.
Bardeen received his B.S. in electrical engineering in 1928 from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He graduated in 1928 despite also having taken a year off during his degree to work in Chicago. He had taken all the graduate courses in physics and mathematics that had interested him, and, in fact, graduated in five years, one more than usual; this allowed him time to also complete a Master's thesis, supervised by Leo J. Peters. He received his M.S. in electrical engineering in 1929 from Wisconsin. His mentors in mathematics were Warren Weaver and Edward Van Vleck. His primary physics mentor was John Hasbrouck van Vleck, but he was also much influenced by visiting scholars such as Paul Dirac, Werner Heisenberg, and Arnold Sommerfeld.
Bardeen was unsuccessful in his 1929 application to Trinity College, Cambridge, for one of their coveted fellowships.
Bardeen stayed on for some time at Wisconsin furthering his studies, but he eventually went to work for Gulf Research Laboratories, the research arm of the Gulf Oil Company, based in Pittsburgh. From 1930 to 1933, Bardeen worked there on the development of methods for the interpretation of magnetic and gravitational surveys. He worked as a geophysicist. After the work failed to keep his interest, he applied and was accepted to the graduate program in mathematics at Princeton University.
Bardeen studied both mathematics and physics as a graduate student, ending up writing his thesis on a problem in solid-state physics, under Nobel laureate physicist Eugene Wigner. Before completing his thesis, he was offered a position as Junior Fellow of the Society of Fellows at Harvard University in 1935. He spent there the next three years, from 1935 to 1938, working with Nobel laureate physicist John Hasbrouck van Vleck and Bridgman on problems in cohesion and electrical conduction in metals, and also did some work on level density of nuclei. He received his Ph.D. in mathematical physics from Princeton University in 1936.

Academic career
In the fall of 1938, Bardeen started in his new role as assistant professor at the University of Minnesota.
In 1941, the world was embroiled in war, and Bardeen was convinced by his colleagues to take a leave of absence and work for the Naval Ordnance Laboratory. He would stay there for four years. In 1943 he was invited to join the Manhattan Project, but he refused, since he did not want to uproot his family. He received the Meritorious Civilian Service Award for his service at the NOL.
After the end of World War II, Bardeen started seeking a return to academia, but the University of Minnesota did not realize the importance of the young field of solid-state physics. They offered him only a small raise. Bardeen's expertise in solid-state physics made him invaluable to Bell Labs, which was just starting a solid-state division. Remembering the lack of support he had received previously from the university to pursue his research, he decided to take a lucrative offer from Bell Labs in 1945.

 Bell Labs
In October 1945, John Bardeen began work at Bell Labs. Bardeen was a member of a Solid State Physics Group, led by William Shockley and chemist Stanley Morgan. Other personnel working in the group were Walter Brattain, physicist Gerald Pearson, chemist Robert Gibney, electronics expert Hilbert Moore and several technicians. He moved his family to Summit, New Jersey. John Bardeen had met William Shockley when they were both in school in Massachusetts. He rekindled his friendship with Walter Brattain. Bardeen knew Walter Brattain from his graduate school days at Princeton. He had previously met Brattain through Brattain's brother, Bob Brattain. Bob Brattain was also a Princeton graduate student. Over the years the friendship of Bardeen and Brattain grew, both in the lab, where Brattain put together the experiments and Bardeen wove theories to explain the results and also on the golf course where they spent time on the weekends.
The assignment of the group was to seek a solid-state alternative to fragile glass vacuum tube amplifiers. Their first attempts were based on Shockley's ideas about using an external electrical field on a semiconductor to affect its conductivity. These experiments mysteriously failed every time in all sorts of configurations and materials. The group was at a standstill until Bardeen suggested a theory that invoked surface states that prevented the field from penetrating the semiconductor. The group changed its focus to study these surface states, and they met almost daily to discuss the work. The rapport of the group was excellent, and ideas were freely exchanged.By the winter of 1946 they had enough results that Bardeen submitted a paper on the surface states to Physical Review. Brattain started experiments to study the surface states through observations made while shining a bright light on the semiconductor's surface. This led to several more papers (one of them co-authored with Shockley), which estimated the density of the surface states to be more than enough to account for their failed experiments. The pace of the work picked up significantly when they started to surround point contacts between the semiconductor and the conducting wires with electrolytes. Moore built a circuit that allowed them to vary the frequency of the input signal easily and suggested that they use glycol borate (gu), a viscous chemical that didn't evaporate. Finally they began to get some evidence of power amplification when Pearson, acting on a suggestion by Shockley, put a voltage on a droplet of gu placed across a P-N junction.

 The invention of the transistor



The first transistor invented at Bells Labs on December 23, 1947.

In the spring of 1947, William Shockley set Brattain and Bardeen a task to explain why an amplifier he had devised didn't work. At the heart of the amplifier was a crystal of silicon. They would switch to germanium after some months. To figure out what was going on, Bardeen had to remember some of the quantum mechanics research that had been done on semiconductors while he was completing his Ph.D. at Princeton University. Bardeen had also come up with some new theories himself. By observing Brattain's experiments, Bardeen realized that everyone had been falsly assuming electrical current traveled through all parts of the germanium in a similar way. The electrons behaved differently at the surface of the metal. If they could control what was happening at the surface, the amplifier should work.
On December 23, 1947, Bardeen and Brattain—working without Shockley—succeeded in creating a point-contact transistor that achieved amplification. By the next month, Bell Lab's patent attorneys started to work on the patent applications.
Bell Labs attorneys soon discovered that Shockley's field effect principle had been anticipated and patented in 1930 by Julius Lilienfeld, who filed his MESFET-like patent in Canada already on October 22, 1925. Although the patent appeared "breakable" (it could not work) the patent attorneys based one of its four patent applications only on the Bardeen-Brattain point contact design. Three others submitted at the same time covered the electrolyte-based transistors with Bardeen, Gibney and Brattain as the inventors. Shockley's name was not on any of these patent applications. This angered Shockley, who thought his name should also be on the patents because the work was based on his field effect idea. He even made efforts to have the patent written only in his name, and told Bardeen and Brattain of his intentions.
At the same time Shockley secretly continued his own work to build a different sort of transistor based on junctions instead of point contacts; he expected this kind of design would be more likely to be viable commercially. Shockley worked furiously on his magnum opus, Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors which was finally published as a 558 page treatise in 1950. In it, Shockley worked out the critical ideas of drift and diffusion and the differential equations that govern the flow of electrons in solid state crystals. Shockley's diode equation is also described. This seminal work became the "bible" for an entire generation of scientists working to develop and improve new variants of the transistor and other devices based on semiconductors.
Shockley was dissatisfied with certain parts of the explanation for how the point contact transistor worked and conceived of the possibility of minority carrier injection. This led Shockley to ideas for what he called a "sandwich transistor." This resulted in the junction transistor, which was announced at a press conference on July 4, 1951. Shockley obtained a patent for this invention on September 25, 1951. Different fabrication methods for this device were developed but the "diffused-base" method became the method of choice for many applications. It soon eclipsed the point contact transistor, and it and its offspring became overwhelmingly dominant in the marketplace for many years. Shockley continued as a group head to lead much of the effort at Bell Labs to improve it and its fabrication for two more years.
Shockley took the lion's share of the credit in public for the invention of transistor, which led to a deterioration of Bardeen's relationship with Shockley. Bell Labs management, however, consistently presented all three inventors as a team. Shockley eventually infuriated and alienated Bardeen and Brattain, and he essentially blocked the two from working on the junction transistor. Bardeen began pursuing a theory for superconductivity and left Bell Labs in 1951. Brattain refused to work with Shockley further and was assigned to another group. Neither Bardeen nor Brattain had much to do with the development of the transistor beyond the first year after its invention.
The "transistor" (a combination of "transfer" and "resistor") was 50 times smaller than the vacuum tubes it replaced in televisions and radios and allowed electrical devices to become more compact.

 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

A commemorative plaque remembering John Bardeen and the theory of superconductivity, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
By 1951, Bardeen was looking for a new job. Fred Seitz, a friend of Bardeen, convinced the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to make Bardeen an offer of $10,000 a year. Bardeen accepted the offer and left Bell Labs. He joined the engineering faculty and the physics faculty at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1951. He was Professor of Electrical Engineering and of Physics at Illionis. His first Ph.D. student was Nick Holonyak (1954), the inventor of the first LED in 1962.
At Illinois, he established two major research programs, one in the Electrical Engineering Department and one in the Physics Department. The research program in the Electrical Engineering Department dealt with both experimental and theoretical aspects of semiconductors, and the research program in the Physics Department dealt with theoretical aspects of macroscopic quantum systems, particularly superconductivity and quantum liquids.
He was an active professor at Illinois from 1951 to 1975 and then became Professor Emeritus.

The Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956
In 1956, John Bardeen shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with William Shockley of Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments and Walter Brattain of Bell Telephone Laboratories "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect".
Bardeen first heard the news that the Nobel Prize in Physics had been awarded to him, Brattain, and Shockley when he was making breakfast and listening to the radio on the morning of Thursday, November 1, 1956.
The Nobel Prize ceremony took place in Stockholm, Sweden on the evening of Monday, December 10. Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley received their awards that night from King Gustav VI and then adjourned for a great banquet in their honor. On that night the three men were together, and they remembered the days when they had been friends and a great research team.
Bardeen brought only one of his three children to the Nobel Prize ceremony. His two sons were studying at Harvard University, and Bardeen didn't wanted to disrupt their studies. King Gustav scolded Bardeen because of this, and Bardeen assured the King that the next time he would bring all his children to the ceremony.

 BCS theory

In 1957, John Bardeen, in collaboration with Leon Cooper and his doctoral student John Robert Schrieffer, proposed the standard theory of superconductivity known as the BCS theory (named for their initials).
BCS theory explains conventional superconductivity, the ability of certain metals at low temperatures to conduct electricity without electrical resistance. BCS theory views superconductivity as a macroscopic quantum mechanical effect. It proposes that electrons with opposite spin can become paired, forming Cooper pairs. Independently and at the same time, superconductivity phenomenon was explained by Nikolay Bogoliubov by means of the so-called Bogoliubov transformations.
In many superconductors, the attractive interaction between electrons (necessary for pairing) is brought about indirectly by the interaction between the electrons and the vibrating crystal lattice (the phonons). Roughly speaking the picture is the following:
An electron moving through a conductor will attract nearby positive charges in the lattice. This deformation of the lattice causes another electron, with opposite "spin", to move into the region of higher positive charge density. The two electrons are then held together with a certain binding energy. If this binding energy is higher than the energy provided by kicks from oscillating atoms in the conductor (which is true at low temperatures), then the electron pair will stick together and resist all kicks, thus not experiencing resistance.

The Nobel Prize in Physics in 1972
In 1972, John Bardeen shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon Neil Cooper of Brown University and John Robert Schrieffer of the University of Pennsylvania for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory.
Bardeen did bring all his children to the Nobel Prize ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden.
This was Bardeen's second Nobel Prize in Physics. He became the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in the same field. He also became only the third person to win two Nobel Prizes. The other two were Marie Curie, who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 and Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911, and Linus Pauling, who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and Nobel Peace Prize in 1962. In 1980, Frederick Sanger won his second Nobel Prize in Chemistry and became the fourth person to win two Nobel Prizes.
Bardeen gave much of his Nobel Prize money to fund the Fritz London Memorial Lectures at Duke University.

 Other awards
In 1971, Bardeen received the IEEE Medal of Honor for "his profound contributions to the understanding of the conductivity of solids, to the invention of the transistor, and to the microscopic theory of superconductivity."
Bardeen was one of 11 recipients given the Third Century Award from President George H.W. Bush in 1990 for "exceptional contributions to American society" and was granted a gold medal from the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1988.

Xerox
Bardeen was also an important advisor to Xerox Corporation. Though quiet by nature, he took the uncharacteristic step of urging Xerox executives to keep their California research center, Xerox PARC, afloat when the parent company was suspicious that its research center would amount to little.

Death
Bardeen died of cardiac arrest at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts on January 30, 1991. While he lived in Champaign-Urbana, he was in Boston for medical consultation.
Bardeen and his wife Jane had three children, James and William Bardeen and Elizabeth Greytak, and six grandchildren when he died.

 Personal life
Bardeen married Jane Maxwell on July 18, 1938. While at Princeton, he met Jane during a visit to his old friends in Pittsburgh.
Bardeen was a man with a very unassuming personality. While he served as a professor for almost 40 years at the University of Illinois, he was best remembered by neighbors for throwing cookouts where he would cook for his friends, many of whom were unaware of his accomplishments at the university. He enjoyed playing golf and going on picnics with his family.
It has been said that Bardeen proves wrong the stereotype of the "crazy scientist."Lillian Hoddeson, a University of Illinois historian who wrote a book on Bardeen, said that because he "differed radically from the popular stereotype of genius and was uninterested in appearing other than ordinary, the public and the media often overlooked him."

Legacy

In honor of Professor Bardeen, the engineering quadrangle at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is named the Bardeen Quad.
Also in honor of Bardeen, Sony Corporation endowed a $53 million John Bardeen professorial chair at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, beginning in 1990. The current John Bardeen Professor is Nick Holonyak, Bardeen's first doctoral student and protege.
At the time of Bardeen's death, then-University of Illinois chancellor Morton Weir said, "It is a rare person whose work changes the life of every American; John's did."<<

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bardeen

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1956/bardeen-bio.html

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1972/bardeen-bio.html

http://www.pbs.org/transistor/album1/bardeen/

http://chem.ch.huji.ac.il/history/bardeen.htm


________________________________


John BARDEEN
born May 23, 1908 at 5:00 AM, 11:00 UT, in Madison (WI) (USA)
43N04 - 89W24
Rodden's AstroDatabank rating: AA

Using RIYAL 3.1

Astrological Setting (Tropical - Placidus)




      RIYAL  Sat May 23 1908  UT 11h00m00s  Lat43n04  Lon89w24   SORT ALL       
Planet
Longitude
Latitude
Declin.
Const.
H.D.
Period
Inclin.
O. Range
GM137
0Vi09
14n22
24n48
Leo
7.3
23
15.5
7.1->9.3
Mars
0Ca34
1n03
24n30
Gem
1.6
2
1.9
CY118
0Ge41
24s51
4s03
Eri
75.9
869
25.6
34.7->147.
VS2   
0Cp42 r
8s00
31s27
Sgr
41.8
247
14.8
36.3->42.3
RG33
0Li52 r
10n05
8n54
Vir   
5.3
29
35.6
2.2->16.9
FY9
0Ge55
9s07
11n25
Tau
39.8
308
29.0
38.3->53.0
Cyllarus
1Vi00
12n21
22n38  
Leo
34.9
135
12.6  
16.4->36.1
Varuna
1Pi00
13s58
24s07
Aqr
41.0
280
17.2
40.6->45.1
CF119
1Ta26
19n29
30n06
Psc
76.2
843
19.7
38.6->139.
QF6
1Le29  
5s05
14n52
Cnc  
4.8
18
24.5
2.2->11.8
Ixion  
1Vi36
19n30
29n00
LMi
46.2
250
19.6
30.1->49.2
Sun
1Ge53
0n00
20n33
Tau
1.0  
1
0.0
XA255
3Ar00
12s13
10s00
Cet
47.7
162
12.7
9.3->50.1
PB112
3Sa50 r
14s33
35s11
Lup
82.1  
1106  
15.4
35.3->178.
RP120
4Sc12 r
5s56
18s30
Vir  
87.0
414
119.1
2.5->108.6
Vertex
4Sc16
XX143
4Ge19  
3s58
17n07
Tau
16.2
76
6.8
9.6->26.4
OM67
4Sc51 r
22s18
33s57
Cen
68.3
971
23.3
39.3->156.
RD215
5Sa00 r
16n10
5s14
Oph
71.7
1336
25.9
37.6->205.
Pylenor
5Sc23 r
5n45
7s54
Vir
14.0  
68
5.5
11.7->21.8
Node
5Ca37 r
0n00
23n20
Gem
FZ53
5Cp51 r
34n37
11n16
Oph
30.1
116
34.8
12.3->35.1
MW12  
6Vi32
9s32
0n15
Sex
50.9
311
21.5
39.6->52.2
Pelion
6Aq32 r
0n27
18s13
Cap
17.5
89
9.4
17.3->22.6
XR190
6Ar33
43n36
41n43
And
61.8
431
46.6  
52.3->61.8
SQ73
6Sa33 r
14s39
35s50
Sco
16.1  
74
17.5
14.7->20.6
GV9
6Ge34
1n02
22n26
Tau  
43.1
273
22.0
38.9->45.4
UJ438
7Aq03 r
2n34
16s02
Cap
25.9  
74
3.8  
8.2->26.9
QB1
7Sa18 r
2s05
23s35
Oph
45.0
290
2.2
40.9->46.8
Saturn
7Ar19
2s12
0n53
Cet
9.5
29
2.5
Jupiter
7Le43
0n46
19n05
Cnc
5.3
12
1.3  
Moon
7Pi46
4s36
12s56
Aqr
1.0
0
5.2
96PW
8Vi29 r
8n45
16n30
Leo
103.6
3595
29.5
2.6->466.8
EL61
8Ca34
10s49
12n23
Gem
42.4
285
28.2  
34.9->51.7
MS4
8Vi47
14s37
5s18
Sex
40.7
272
17.7
35.8->48.1
PJ30
8Le50
1s38
16n29
Cnc
64.1
1389   
5.6
28.8->220.
Deucalion
8Ca54
0n16
23n25
Gem
46.7  
295
0.4  
41.8->46.8
VQ94
9Ar06
50s09
41s36
Phe
105.1
2626
70.5
6.7->374.0
Orcus
9Ar42
19n51
22n00
Peg
31.1
246  
20.6
30.5->48.0
HB57
10Ca01
15s17
7n50
Mon
86.0
2072  
15.5
38.4->286.
Ascend  
10Ge02
0n00
21n58
Tau
Huya
10Ge07
15s03   
7n05
Ori  
49.7
249
15.5
28.7->50.3
Sedna
10Ar32
8s45
3s53
Cet
128.7
11675
12.0
76.0->953.
CR105
10Ar37
20s17
14s25
Cet  
63.7
3359
22.8
44.0->404.
Typhon
10Pi43
0s28
7s59
Aqr   
57.0
232
2.4  
17.4->58.1
GB32
11Ca29
13s33
9n27
Mon
92.7
3085
14.2
35.6->388.
RN43
11Li43 r
2n30
2s20
Vir
42.4
269
19.3
40.8->42.4
KF77
11Ar50
0s15
4n27
Psc
24.5
132
4.4
19.8->32.1
KX14
12Ca10
0n00
22n54
Gem
39.1
243
0.4
37.3->40.7
UX25
12Cp43r
19n23
3s32
Aql  
48.3
278
19.4
36.4->48.7
Neptune
13Ca03
0s46
22n03
Gem
29.9
166
1.8
Radamantus
13Ar15
0n44
5n55
Psc
36.7
244
12.8
32.9->45.1
PA44  
13Ge31
2s07
20n20
Tau  
17.5  
53
3.3
3.4->24.8
FP185
13Ge44
29s43
7s04
Eri
87.1
3294
30.8  
34.4->408.
Midheav
13Aq47
0n00
16s42
Cap
Venus  
13Ca51
3n15
25n57
Gem
0.7
1   
3.4
TY364
14Sa00r
23n26
0n47
Oph
39.7
242
24.9
36.2->41.4
Chaos
14Aq02r
12s03
28s07
Mic
49.8
308
12.0
40.7->50.4
CZ118
14Ca36
24n03
46n31
Lyn   
92.1
1253
27.7
38.0->194.
BL41
14Ca42
1s32
21n06
Gem
8.0
31
13.4  
7.2->12.7
TX300
14Sc58r
26s14
41s08
Cen
41.5
284
25.8
38.0->48.5
OO67
15Sc14r
20n10  
2n55
Ser
99.2
13012
20.0
20.8->1085
RM43
15Cp33r
11s33
34s00
Sgr
75.3
854
28.8
34.9->145.
XZ255
15Cp43r
1s13
23s44
Sgr
15.8
63
2.6
15.3->16.5
Quaoar
15Le43
6s10
10n14
Cnc
44.7
288
8.0
42.2->45.0
RZ215
15Li57 r
15s51
20s50
Crv
76.3  
1024
25.4
31.1->172.
Uranus
16Cp30r
0s25  
22s50
Sgr
19.5
84
0.8
TL66
16Cp37r
22n51
0n17
Aql
71.9
755
24.0
34.8->131.
RR43
16Sa56r
4n25
18s25
Oph
44.3
283
28.6
37.2->49.1
AW197
17Ta32
22n31
38n30
And
53.2
325
24.4
41.3->53.3
CC22
17Li40 r
6n49
0s38
Vir
5.3
20
11.1
5.2->9.6
FZ173
18Ge01
12n15
35n06
Aur
78.0   
798
12.7  
32.6->139.
Bienor
18Sc13r
21s03
37s20
Cen  
16.5
67
20.7
13.2->19.9
Hylonome
18Aq17r  
2n44
12s45
Aqr
28.3
125
4.2  
18.8->31.2
SA278
18Aq39r   
8n35
7s04  
Aqr  
91.3
883  
16.3
32.8->151.
Mercury
19Ge03
2n07
25n06
Tau
0.3
0
7.0
RZ214
19Sc44r
6n15
11s40
Lib  
61.5
774  
20.5
36.7->131.
OX3
19Li52 r
2s59
10s32
Vir  
43.7
181
3.3
17.6->46.5
BU48
19Sa59r   
11n35
11s32
Ser    
43.5
191
14.3
20.4->46.0
Pholus
20Li09 r
26n02
16n13
Boo
13.8
91  
24.7
8.7->31.9
 GZ32
20Sa17r
7n19
15s48
Ser
18.0
110  
15.1
18.0->28.0
PN34
20Ca28
1n56
23n48
Gem
48.3
173
16.6
13.5->48.6
TO66
20Sc29r
24s05
40s54
Cen  
38.1
285
27.4
38.1->48.4
SB60
21Li00 r
23s50
30s04
Cen
38.0
274
23.9
37.6->46.7
CO1
21Le45
18n22
31n32
LMi
12.1    
95  
19.7
10.9->30.7
YQ179
22Ar11
20s39
10s33
Cet
80.6
838
20.9  
37.2->140.
OP32
22Vi12 r
4s14
0s48
Leo
41.8   
286  
27.1
38.8->47.9
VR130
22Le30
2s03
12n05
Leo
22.8
118
3.5  
14.8->33.3
TC302
23Aq16r
31s24
42s56
Gru
68.1
409
35.0
38.8->71.5
Crantor
23Le16
6n33
19n57   
Leo
15.8
86  
12.8
14.1->24.9
QD112
23Vi19 r
0n34
3n11
Vir
13.5
83
14.5
8.0->30.1
Chiron
23Aq22
6n31
7s34
Aqr
15.7
50
6.9
8.4->18.8
VU2
23Pi25
13n14
9n32
Peg
4.9  
19
14.0
3.2->10.9
Pluto
23Ge45
7s14
16n05
Tau
45.7
250
17.1
29.9->49.4
QB243
23Ge52
6n02
29n20
Aur
52.8
205  
6.8
15.4->54.1
DA62
24Ar01
12s24
2s13
Cet  
11.2  
21
52.4  
4.1->11.2
Elatus
24Pi04
5s17
7s13
Aqr
7.8
45
5.6
7.4->18.0
UR163
24Sc07r  
0s42
19s29
Lib
40.0  
370
0.7  
37.0->66.0
Thereus
24Ge14
16s39
6n41
Ori
13.6
38
20.1
8.9->13.7
Chariklo
24Pi20
18n27
14n40
Peg
18.4
62
23.4
13.1->18.4
Amycus
24Aq28
1n56
11s33
Cap
28.2
125
13.4
15.1->34.8
DH5
24Li38 r
18n37  
7n48
Vir
18.5  
104
22.5  
14.0->30.2
CE10
25Le08 r
4s25
8n59
Leo
8.2
31
145.4
2.0->17.5
Ceto
25Pi21  
1s37
3s20
Psc
78.3
1018
22.4  
17.7->184.
Eris
25Pi42
31s31
30s20
Scl
93.1
556
44.0
37.8->97.4
Nessus
26Pi19
9s06
9s48   
Cet
33.5
122  
15.6
11.8->37.3
Teharonhi
26Li24 r
2s36
12s37
Vir
43.0
293
2.6
42.8->45.4
Logos
26Ar50
2s45
7n47
Psc
43.8
304
2.9
39.7->50.7
Okyrhoe
27Ge00
13s35
9n51
Ori
6.6
25
15.6
5.8->11.1
LE31
27Vi15 r
29n59
28n22
Com
5.4
23
152.4
4.3->11.9
Asbolus
27Le15
10n26
22n12
Leo
22.6
76
17.6
6.9->29.0
WN188
27Aq20
10s51
22s34
Aqr
21.4
55
27.1  
2.2->26.6
TD10
27Li26 r
2n27
8s17   
Vir
88.3
925
6.0
12.3->177.
Echeclus
27Cp42r
4n21
16s22
Sgr
6.3
34
4.4
5.8->15.2
CO104
27Sc49r  
2s55
22s31
Lib
24.7
118
3.1  
20.5->27.6
GQ21  
28Ge24
12s48
10n38
Ori  
67.9
915
13.4
38.4->150.
RL43
28Ge53
11s14
12n12
Ori
25.0  
122
12.3
23.6->25.6
Apogee
29Ca20
2n06
22n22
Cnc
AZ84
29Pi27
12n49
11n32
Peg
38.4
247
13.6
32.4->46.4
WL7
29Pi40
1s17
1s19
Psc
17.8   
90
11.2
14.9->25.3
Focused Minor Planets

FY9       =    0 Ge 55
CY118   =   0 Ge 41
Sun      =    1 Ge 53

Mars     =    0 Ca 34     Semisextile

VS2      =    0 Cp 42 r   Quincunx

Varuna  =  1 Pi 00       Square
Ixion      =  1 Vi 36      
Cyllarus =   1 Vi 00
_____________________

EL61      =     8 Ca 34
Deucalion =  8 Ca 54

Moon     =     7 Pi 46       Trine

Jupiter  =     7 Le 43      Semisextile

Saturn   =    7 Ar 19       Square
Orcus    =    9 Ar 42      
VQ94     =    9 Ar 06

QB1       =    7 Sa 18 r    Quincunx

MS4       =    8 Vi 47       Sextile
_____________________


FZ173      =  18 Ge 01
Mercury  =  19 Ge 03

SA278     =  18 Aq 39 r    Trine
Hylonome = 18 Aq 17 r
OX3       =    19 Li 52 r
_____________________        


UX25      =   12 Cp 43 r
Venus    =   13 Ca 51
Neptune  = 13 Ca 03
KX14      =   12 Ca 10
CZ118    =   14 Ca 36

FP185    =   13 Ge 44      Quincunx
_____________________


TY364    =   14 Sa 00 r
FP185    =   13 Ge 44    

Venus    =   13 Ca 51      Quincunx
Neptune =  13 Ca 03
CZ118     =  14 Ca 36

Quaoar   =  15 Le 43       Trine

Chaos    =   14 Aq 02 r    Sextile

TX300     =   14 Sc 58 r    Semisextile
_____________________


Quaoar   =  15 Le 43
Chaos    =  14 Aq 02 r

Mars     =      0 Ca 34       Semisquare

TY364   =   14 Sa 00 r     Trine

TX300   =   14 Sc 58 r     Square
_____________________


TL66     =    16 Cp 37 r
Uranus  =  16 Cp 30 r
RM43     =   15 Cp 33 r
XZ255    =   15 Cp 43 r

OO67     =   15 Sc 14 r     Sextile

Quaoar  =   15 Le 43       Quincunx

AW197   =   17 Ta 32        Trine

RR43      =   16 Sa 56 r     Semisextile
_____________________


Eris       =   25 Pi 42
Ceto      =   25 Pi 21
Nessus  =  26 Pi 19
Chariklo =  24 Pi 20
Elatus    =  24 Pi 04

Pluto     =  23 Ge 45        Square
Thereus =  24 Ge 14
_________________________________
_________________________________

Astrological Setting (Sidereal - Fagan/Bradley)


      RIYAL  Sat May 23 1908  UT 11h00m00s  Lat43n04  Lon89w24   SORT ALL       

Planet
Longitude
Pluto      
0Ge18
QB243      
0Ge25
DA62       
0Ar34
Elatus     
0Pi37
UR163       
0Sc39 r
Thereus    
0Ge47
Chariklo   
0Pi53
Amycus     
1Aq00
DH5        
1Li11 r
CE10       
1Le41 r
Ceto       
1Pi54
Eris      
2Pi14
Nessus      
2Pi52
Teharonhi  
2Li56 r
Logos      
3Ar23
Okyrhoe    
3Ge33
LE31       
3Vi47 r
Asbolus    
3Le47
WN188      
3Aq52
TD10        
3Li59 r
Echeclus   
4Cp14 r
CO104      
4Sc21 r
GQ21       
4Ge57
RL43       
5Ge26
Apogee      
5Ca53
AZ84       
6Pi00
WL7        
6Pi13
GM137      
6Le41
Mars       
7Ge06
CY118      
7Ta13
VS2        
7Sa14 r
RG33       
7Vi25 r
FY9      
7Ta28
Cyllarus   
7Le32
Varuna     
7Aq33
CF119       
7Ar58
QF6        
8Ca02
Ixion      
8Le08
Sun        
8Ta26
XA255      
9Pi33
PB112      
10Sc23r
RP120     
10Li44 r
Vertex     
10Li49
XX143     
10Ta52
OM67      
11Li24 r
RD215      
11Sc33 r
Pylenor   
11Li56 r
Node       
12Ge10r
FZ53       
12Sa24r
MW12      
13Le04
Pelion     
13Cp05r
XR190      
13Pi05
SQ73       
13Sc06r
GV9       
13Ta06
UJ438      
13Cp36r
QB1         
13Sc51r
Saturn    
13Pi52
Jupiter   
14Ca16
Moon      
14Aq19
96PW     
15Le02 r
EL61      
15Ge07
MS4       
15Le20
PJ30      
15Ca23
Deucalion
15Ge27
VQ94      
15Pi38
Orcus     
16Pi15
HB57      
16Ge33
Ascend    
16Ta35
Huya      
16Ta40
Sedna     
17Pi04
CR105     
17Pi10
Typhon    
17Aq15
GB32      
18Ge02
RN43      
18Vi16 r
KF77      
18Pi23
KX14      
18Ge42
UX25       
19Sa16r
Neptune   
19Ge35
Radamantus
19Pi47
PA44      
20Ta04
FP185     
20Ta17
Midheav   
20Cp20
Venus     
20Ge24
TY364     
20Sc33r
Chaos      
20Cp35r
CZ118     
21Ge08
BL41      
21Ge15
TX300     
21Li31 r
OO67      
21Li47 r
RM43      
22Sa06r
XZ255      
22Sa15r
Quaoar    
22Ca16
RZ215     
22Vi29 r
Uranus    
23Sa02r
TL66       
23Sa10r
RR43       
23Sc29r
AW197     
24Ar05
CC22      
24Vi12 r
FZ173     
24Ta33
Bienor    
24Li45 r
Hylonome   
24Cp49r
SA278      
25Cp12r
Mercury   
25Ta36
RZ214     
26Li17 r
OX3        
26Vi24 r
BU48        
26Sc32r
Pholus    
26Vi42 r
GZ32       
26Sc49r
PN34       
27Ge00
TO66       
27Li02 r
SB60      
27Vi33 r
CO1       
28Ca18
YQ179      
28Pi44
OP32       
28Le44 r
VR130     
29Ca02
TC302      
29Cp49r
Crantor  
29Ca49
QD112     
29Le51 r
Chiron    
29Cp55
VU2        
29Aq58
Focused Minor Planets


FY9       =   7 Ta 28
CY118   =   7 Ta 13
Sun       =   8 Ta 26

Mars     =   7 Ge 06       Semisextile

VS2      =   7 Sa 14 r     Quincunx

Varuna  =  7 Aq 33       Square
Ixion      =  8 Le 08     
Cyllarus  =  7 Le 32
_____________________

EL61      =    15 Ge 07
Deucalion = 15 Ge 27

Moon     =    14 Aq 19     Trine

Jupiter  =    14 Ca 16     Semisextile

Saturn   =    13 Pi 52      Square
Orcus    =    16 Pi 15   
VQ94     =    15 Pi 38

QB1       =    13 Sc 51 r    Quincunx

MS4       =    15 Le 20      Sextile
_____________________


FZ173    =     24 Ta 33
Mercury  =   25 Ta 36

SA278    =    25 Cp 12 r   Trine
Hylonome =  24 Cp 49 r
OX3       =     26 Vi 24 r
_____________________       


UX25     =     19 Sa 16 r
Venus    =    20 Ge 24
Neptune  =  19 Ge 35
KX14     =     18 Ge 42
CZ118   =      21 Ge 08

FP185   =     20 Ta 17      Quincunx
_____________________


TY364    =     20 Sc 33 r
FP185    =     20 Ta 17

Venus    =     20 Ge 24    Quincunx
Neptune  =  19 Ge 35
CZ118    =     21 Ge 08

Quaoar   =    22 Ca 16    Trine

Chaos    =    20 Cp 35 r   Sextile

TX300    =     21 Li 31 r    Semisextile
_____________________


Quaoar   =    22 Ca 16
Chaos    =    20 Cp 35 r

Mars       =      7 Ge 06      Semisquare

TY364    =     20 Sc 33 r   Trine

TX300    =     21 Li 31 r     Square
_____________________


TL66      =     23 Sa 10 r
Uranus  =    23 Sa 02 r
RM43     =     22 Sa 06 r
XZ255    =     22 Sa 15 r

OO67     =     21 Li 47 r     Sextile

Quaoar  =    22 Ca 16     Quincunx

AW197   =    24 Ar 05       Trine

RR43      =    23 Sc 29 r    Semisextile
_____________________


Eris       =   2 Pi 14
Ceto      =   1 Pi 54
Nessus  =   2 Pi 52
Chariklo =  0 Pi 53
Elatus    =   0 Pi 37

Pluto    =    0 Ge 18          Square
Thereus  =  0 Ge 47
______________________________________

Posted to Centaurs (YahooGroups) on March 10, 2008

______________________________________
______________________________________