Oskar Barnack


2000 OO67/Sun Conjunction


Oskar Barnack (November 1, 1879 – January 16, 1936) was a German precision mechanic.
"Between 1913 and 1914 he was head of development of the camera company Leitz in Wetzlar, Hesse, Germany. He was the driving force behind the making of the first mass-marketed 35mm camera.
The onset of World War I kept the first Leica from being manufactured until 1924, and it was not introduced to the public until 1925. Leica stood for Leitz Camera. Instead of the exposure plates used in past Leitz cameras, the Leica used a standardized film strip, adapted from 35mm Edison roll-film.
Lynow, Oskar Barnack's birthplace, and currently a municipality of Brandenburg, Germany, has a museum to Oskar Barnack":



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oskar_Barnack





A legend is born

"In the first years of the art, photographers were mainly concerned with hauling their heavy plate cameras from one location to the next. Their trials and tribulations stimulated Oskar Barnack into seeking a completely new method of taking photographs.
Even as early as 1905, he had the idea of reducing the format of negatives and then enlarging the photographs after they had been exposed. It was ten years later, as development manager at Leica, that he was able to put his theory into practice. He took an instrument for taking exposure samples for cinema film and turned it into the world's first 35 mm camera: the 'Ur-Leica'.



At the time, the miniature film format of 24 x 36 mm was created by simply doubling the cinema film format. The first photos - of outstanding quality for the time - were made in 1914. Progress was interrupted by the First World War, so the first LEICA (Leitz Camera) did not go into serial production until 1924, being presented to the public in 1925.
Backed by inventions and an innovative power that go back to Oskar Barnack and his idea, Leica is today working on the creation of the tools that will take that new view of things into the next millennium".

http://83.137.169.253/unternehmen/historie/barnack/index_e.html

After Barnack invented his 35mm camera, he used it extensively. From 1914 until his death he took series of images of events that documented the relationship of people and environment. For example, he photographed the historic flooding of Wetzlar in 1920:



Oskar Barnack and the 3:2 Aspect Ratio

"The origins of the aspect ratio of 35mm film can be traced to Oskar Barnack, an employee of Leitz Camera in Germany. Barnack believed the 3:2 aspect ratio to be the ideal choice for his invention, the first 35mm camera ever, dubbed the "Ur-Leica". After WWI, Barnack convinced his boss, Ernest Leitz II, to begin production of similar cameras. In 1925, Leitz Camera released the first Leica and the rest is history. Why was Oskar Barnack so adamant about the seemingly arbitrary aspect ratio of 3:2? There are many other film formats with different aspect ratios to choose from, but there is something special about the 3:2 aspect ratio--it happens to have the closest proportions to the Golden Rectangle of any other major film format out there, with the sole exception of European widescreen. Perhaps Oskar Barnack had this in mind when he created the 3:2 aspect ratio.

What Is the Golden Rectangle?

The Golden Rectangle is defined as a rectangle that can be partioned into a square and a smaller rectangle which has the same aspect ratio of the original rectangle. In Figure 1, we see such a rectangle. In this example, the length of the smaller rectangle divided by its width is equal to the length of the larger rectangle divided by its width, i.e., a ÷ b = (a + b) ÷ a. The ratio of the larger side of each rectangle to the smaller side is known as the Golden Ratio. Mathematically, this works out to be about 1.6:1, or 3.2:2 compared to the 3:2 aspect ratio of 35mm film.

Figure 1: The Golden Rectangle.


The Golden Rectangle in Nature

The Golden Rectangle and Golden Ratio appear in some very interesting places. For example, in Fibonacci numbers, a sequence of numbers where each new number is the sum of the previous two numbers (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 . . .), the ratio of consecutive numbers increasingly approaches the Golden Ratio. In Figure 2, we see a graphical relationship between Fibonacci numbers and the Golden Rectangle. The Fibonacci numbers are closely related to exponential growth, such as the reproduction of rabbits. They are also found in plants where many tend to have a Fibonacci number of petals or leaves.



Figure 2: Relationship between the Fibonacci sequence and the Golden Rectangle


Another interesting place the Golden Rectangle appears is in spirals. Successive points dividing a golden rectangle into squares lie on a logarithmic spiral, also known as the "Spira Mirabilis". See Figure 3. Coincidentally, spirals such as these are found throughout nature, such as in the contours of Nautilus shells.


Figure 3: The Golden Rectangle and Spira Mirabilis



The Golden Rectangle in Art

The Golden Rectangle is believed to have been first constructed by Pythagorus in the 6th Century B.C. It is said to be one of the most visually pleasing of all geometric forms. Archeologists have found countless examples of it in the facades of ancient Greek architecture. In Figure 4, we see how the Parthenon in Athens was built to the dimensions of the Golden Rectangle.



Figure 4: The Parthenon



In Figure 5, we also see how Leonardo da Vinci applied the Golden Rectangle to the proportions of the human body. In this example, the height of the person was divided into two segments, the dividing point being the person's navel. Leonardo took the distance from the soles of the feet to the navel, then divided by the distance from the navel to the top of the head and found that it was equal to the Golden Mean, or as he would call it, the Divine Proportion.



Figure 5: Leonardo da Vinci's study of the human body


The Golden Rectangle also has its place in modern art such as in the paintings of Piet Mondrian. In Figure 6, we see one such painting.


Figure 6: Piet Mondrian, Composition in Red, Yellow, and Blue


The Golden Rectangle in Photography

And now we return, full circle, to how the Golden Rectangle relates to 35mm photography. We cannot speak further on this subject without mentioning Henri Cartier-Bresson, arguably the most imporant photographer of the 20th century. Before he ever became a photographer however, Cartier-Bresson studied painting under the Cubist painter, Andre Lhote. Beginning in 1928, he underwent the visual training which would eventually enable him to capture on film what he would later call, "Images a la Sauvette," better known as "The Decisive Moment".

So how does Bresson relate to the importance of the 3:2 aspect ratio? Interestingly, Cartier-Bresson never cropped any of his images. Every single photograph he displayed was a full 35mm frame just as it came from one of his Leicas. Cartier-Bresson would file out the negative carriers to specifically show that the print was an uncropped, full-frame enlargement composed entirely in the camera. He wrote. “In order to ‘give a meaning' to the world, one has to feel oneself involved in what he frames through the viewfinder. This attitude requires concentration, a discipline of mind, sensitivity, and a sense of geometry.” The geometry Cartier-Bresson speaks of is that of the 35mm frame. Notable war photographer, Don McCullin, said of Cartier-Bresson, "I think I speak for every photographer and especially Magnum photographers, when I say that Henri really introduced the concept of perfect composition into our thinking. He was the first to teach us to compose within the specific shape of the 35mm frame and to utilize the very nature of that camera and format."
But why such devotedness to the seemingly arbitrary 3:2 aspect ratio? In Figure 7, we see that the aspect ratio of 35mm film is in fact a very close approximation of the Golden Rectangle.


Figure 7: 35mm film and the Golden Rectangle


Although efforts to try and analyze Cartier-Bresson's genius would probably be pointless, by looking at several of Bresson's photographs, we can clearly see the close relationship between his compositions and the Golden Rectangle. This is most likely a carryover from his training as a painter, as his mentor Lhote suggested. The amazing thing is that, unlike a painter who can create his compositions at his leisure, Cartier-Bresson had to discover them in the unpredictable and relentless tempo of everyday life. We see, in Figure 8, how the line of children in one of Cartier-Bresson's photographs closely follows a logarithmic spiral".



Figure 8


In Figure 9, we see how Cartier-Bresson used the proportions of the Golden Rectangle to form his composition.


Figure 9


http://fotogenetic.dearingfilm.com/golden_rectangle.html


A milestone in the History of Photography.
__________________________________________________

Lynow coordinates:  Lat  52° 2' 60N -  Long  13° 22' 60E

http://www.fallingrain.com/world/GM/11/Lynow.html

Lynow is not in Astrodienst.
Assuming Stulpe (52° 2' N - 13° 19 E), November 1, 1879 at noon (converted to 11:06:44 UT by Astrodienst).

Using RIYAL 2.60

Tropical - Placidus

    RIYAL  Sat November 1 1879  UT 11h06m44s  Lat52n03  Lon13e23   SORT ALL     
      KX14     =  0Ge02 r    0n17   20n27    Tau     37.9   243   0.4  [37..41]
      Urania   =  0Cp06      0s34   24s02    Sgr      2.4     0   0.0  [0..0]   
      Juno     =  0Vi09      8s35    3n23    Sex      2.3     4  13.0  [2..3]   
      PN34     =  0Ca22 r    8n09   31n37    Aur     42.2   173  16.7  [13..49]
      HB57     =  0Ca32 r   15s01    8n26    Ori    101.4  1980  15.5  [38..277]
      Phaethon =  0Ge43 r   20n32   40n19    Per      2.4     1  21.4  [0..2]   
      RL43     =  0Ar58 r    4s41    3s55    Psc     23.6   123  12.2  [23..26]
      TL66     =  1Cp42     20n10    3s17    Ser     84.0   771  24.0  [35..133]
      Sedna    =  2Ar51 r    7s50    6s03    Cet    141.5 12106  11.9  [77..977]
      Jupiter  =  2Pi52      1s18   11s41    Aqr      5.0    12   1.3           
      Hephaisto=  3Sa06      5s49   26s30    Sco      0.5     3  13.7  [0..4]   
      TC302    =  3Aq07     34s24   52s30    Ind     70.6   414  35.0  [40..71]
      GB32     =  3Ca34 r   14s09    9n16    Ori    109.4  2907  14.2  [35..372]
      RZ214    =  3Sc37      0n16   12s28    Vir     74.4   778  20.6  [36..133]
      RM43     =  3Cp37      6s02   29s26    Sgr     87.9   874  28.8  [35..148]
      GV9      =  3Ta38 r   13n23   25n16    Tri     44.7   274  22.0  [39..45]
      FP185    =  3Ge39 r   28s46    7s24    Eri    104.5  3125  30.7  [34..393]
      QB1      =  4Sc22      1s16   14s10    Vir     46.4   290   2.2  [41..47]
      (Moon)     =  4Ge28      3n28   24n28    Tau      1.0     0   5.0           
      Thereus  =  4Vi38     16s06    5s12    Sex     12.4    38  20.2  [9..14]  
      XR190    =  4Pi57 r   46n52   33n39    Cyg     61.4   438  46.6  [53..62]
      VQ94     =  5Ar07 r   53s08   45s27    Phe    124.0  2608  70.2  [7..372]
      AZ84     =  5Aq16     11n23    7s54    Aql     33.7   251  13.6  [32..47]
      Heracles =  5Ar36 r   13n28   14n34    Peg      2.6     2   9.7  [0..3]   
      UJ438    =  5Sa42      1s03   22s18    Sco     20.8    73   3.8  [8..27]  
      SB60     =  5Vi50     20s00    9s15    Sex     40.2   270  23.9  [37..46]
      XX143    =  5Li59      6n28    3n34    Vir     20.6    76   6.8  [10..26]
      CZ118    =  6Ca05 r   26n07   49n23    Aur    104.9  1221  27.8  [38..191]
      RZ215    =  6Li12     11s39   13s08    Crv     90.8  1021  25.6  [31..172]
      (Ascend)   =  6Cp20      0n00   23s18    Sgr                                
      XA255    =  6Pi50 r   10s21   18s36    Aqr     35.8   163  12.7  [9..50]  
      QB243    =  6Ge56 r    6n50   28n12    Tau     53.6   205   6.8  [15..54]
      VR130    =  7Pi05 r    1n16    7s45    Aqr     17.1   119   3.5  [15..34]
      FZ173    =  7Ge22 r   11n47   33n09    Per     90.2   785  12.7  [33..138]
      TX300    =  7Li23     18s12   19s35    Crv     44.8   282  25.9  [38..48]
      TO66     =  7Li27      6s35    9s00    Vir     39.4   283  27.5  [38..48]
      Uranus   =  8Vi09      0n45    9n13    Leo     18.3    84   0.8           
      Nessus   =  8Cp11     14s27   37s37    CrA     16.7   122  15.6  [12..37]
      Damocles =  8Aq12      2s21   20s29    Cap     18.5    41  61.6  [2..22]  
      Deucalion=  8Ge14 r    0n06   21n48    Tau     46.0   294   0.4  [41..47]
      Lilith   =  8Li17      4s18    7s15    Vir      2.9     0   0.0  [0..0]   
      CO1      =  8Ta18 r   13s05    1n52    Cet     28.3    94  19.7  [11..30]
      Chariklo =  8Li28     20s27   22s03    Crv     13.1    62  23.4  [13..18]
      RN43     =  8Vi34      9s12    0s11    Sex     42.4   266  19.3  [40..42]
      Sun      =  8Sc41      0n00   14s24    Lib      1.0     1   0.0           
      SA278    =  9Aq08     10n25    7s55    Aqr    102.7   900  16.2  [33..153]
      OO67    =  9Sc10     19n32    4n00    Vir    119.8 14503  20.1  [21..1169]
      YQ179    =  9Ar37 r   20s52   15s21    Cet     91.9   842  20.9  [38..141]
      UX25     = 10Sa13     14n26    7s42    Oph     46.2   279  19.5  [37..49]
      Saturn   = 10Ar23 r    2s43    1n37    Cet      9.4    30   2.5           
      Neptune  = 10Ta43 r    1s51   13n18    Ari     29.8   166   1.8           
      Chiron   = 10Ta44 r    1s31   13n36    Ari     16.6    49   7.0  [8..18]  
      Echeclus = 10Ge49 r    4s37   17n31    Tau      8.7    34   4.3  [6..15]  
      MW12     = 11Le01     17s24    0n42    Hya     48.3   307  21.6  [39..52]
      Cyllarus = 11Ca23 r    9n46   32n42    Gem     25.6   134  12.6  [16..36]
      XZ255    = 11Le47      2n03   19n14    Cnc     16.2    63   2.6  [15..16]
      SQ73     = 12Le02     16n02   32n31    Leo     20.6    74  17.5  [15..21]
      (Midheav)  = 12Sc53      0n00   15s43    Lib                                
      Crantor  = 12Ta58 r   12s45    3n34    Cet     24.5    86  12.8  [14..25]
      Quaoar   = 13Ca11 r    8s03   14n47    Gem     44.0   285   8.0  [42..45]
      QD112    = 13Ca31 r   14n22   37n03    Aur     29.6    83  14.5  [8..30]  
      Chaos    = 13Cp38      9s58   32s40    Sgr     50.5   311  12.0  [41..50]
      KF77     = 13Sa42      3s42   26s08    Oph     20.1   133   4.3  [20..32]
      GQ21     = 13Ge56 r   11s52   10n42    Ori     80.8   895  13.3  [38..147]
      Asbolus  = 14Ca08 r   17n44   40n19    Aur     28.0    76  17.6  [7..29]  
      Eris     = 14Pi21 r   36s26   39s08    Scl     88.6   564  43.9  [39..98]
      Huya     = 14Ta39 r   13s19    3n29    Cet     50.0   249  15.5  [29..50]
      FY9      = 14Ar54 r   26s44   18s45    Cet     38.2   311  29.0  [38..54]
      GM137    = 15Ge20 r    6s26   16n15    Tau      8.5    23  15.6  [7..9]   
      Pylenor  = 15Ca49 r    3s03   19n29    Gem     21.7    68   5.5  [12..22]
      UR163    = 16Li20      0s43    7s05    Vir     46.8   368   0.7  [37..66]
      FX128    = 16Pi35 r    1n21    4s03    Aqr     95.2  1023  22.1  [18..185]
      RR43     = 16Sc46     17n50    0n17    Ser     47.4   283  28.5  [37..49]
      Hylonome = 17Sc32      3n06   14s06    Lib     20.1   125   4.2  [19..31]
      OX3      = 17Vi40      3s10    1n58    Leo     33.9   180   3.3  [17..46]
      CF119    = 17Ar44 r   19n23   24n45    And     87.7   844  19.7  [39..139]
      Okyrhoe  = 17Ar45 r    8s02    0s28    Cet      9.4    24  15.8  [6..11]  
      CY118    = 17Ta57 r   23s57    5s52    Eri     88.5   858  25.5  [35..146]
      Node     = 17Cp57 r    0n00   22s15    Sgr                                
      CO104    = 18Le49      1n46   16n52    Leo     20.6   118   3.1  [21..27]
      AW197    = 19Ar00 r   24n40   30n02    And     52.1   328  24.4  [42..53]
      Varuna   = 19Cp20      4s31   26s32    Sgr     42.1   284  17.2  [41..46]
      OM67     = 19Li45     19s03   25s15    Hya     81.4   971  23.4  [39..157]
      Pelion   = 19Vi53      6n04    9n35    Vir     20.7    89   9.4  [17..23]
      Vertex   = 19Le57                                                         
      Ceres    = 20Le14      6n26   20n51    Leo      2.6     5  10.6  [3..3]   
      CR105    = 20Pi27 r   16s29   18s53    Cet     79.5  3421  22.7  [45..410]
      OP32     = 20Le46     18s50    3s19    Hya     44.6   282  27.2  [38..48]
      Elatus   = 21Vi08      5n15    8n21    Vir     16.5    45   5.5  [7..18]  
      Logos    = 21Pi21 r    1s57    5s13    Aqr     46.9   307   2.9  [40..51]
      BU48     = 21Sc33     13n44    4s52    Lib     46.0   191  14.3  [20..46]
      WL7      = 21Sa46     10s42   33s52    Sco     25.2    91  11.2  [15..25]
      RD215    = 21Sc49     10n48    7s47    Lib     86.6  1369  26.0  [37..209]
      TD10     = 22Li15      1n54    6s54    Vir    104.1   933   6.0  [12..179]
      CR46     = 22Aq23 r    1s06   15s06    Cap     57.7   233   2.4  [18..58]
      VS2      = 22Sc54     13s26   31s27    Lup     42.4   247  14.8  [36..42]
      PB112    = 23Sc00     13s02   31s07    Lup     95.7  1125  15.5  [35..181]
      GZ32     = 23Le33      8n47   21n57    Leo     24.5   110  15.1  [18..28]
      DH5      = 23Ar56 r   18s18    7s44    Cet     19.8   104  22.5  [14..30]
      Mars     = 24Ta09 r    0s29   18n22    Tau      1.5     2   1.9           
      Mercury = 24Sc28      1s41   20s32    Lib      0.5     0   7.0           
      Pallas   = 24Ca39     44s08   22s17    CMa      2.2     5  34.7  [2..3]   
      Pholus   = 25Aq07 r   12s55   25s16    Aqr     24.9    92  24.6  [9..32]  
      MS4      = 25Ca50 r   17s33    3n43    CMi     37.1   269  17.7  [36..48]
      PJ30     = 26Ca08 r    0s19   20n38    Gem     81.8  1336   5.6  [28..214]
      Amycus   = 26Li19     11s56   21s15    Vir     15.3   124  13.3  [15..35]
      Pluto    = 26Ta45 r   13s59    5n49    Tau     48.9   249  17.2  [30..49]
      TY364    = 27Li15     22n41   10n42    Boo     37.9   241  24.9  [36..41]
      Orcus   = 27Cp26     11n17    9s37    Aql     31.8   249  20.6  [30..49]
      EL61     = 27Ta37 r   26s14    5s58    Eri     37.2   286  28.2  [35..52]
      Venus   = 27Vi45      1s19    0s19    Vir      0.7     1   3.4           
      FZ53     = 27Vi52     16s01   13s49    Crt     13.3   115  34.9  [12..35]
      Bienor   = 28Ar18 r   17n46   27n21    Psc     16.3    68  20.7  [13..20]
      Apogee   = 28Ta35      3n50   23n36    Tau                                
      Icarus   = 28Sa50     19s48   43s15    CrA      0.9     1  23.1  [0..2]   
      Radamantu= 29Aq12 r    7s58   19s13    Aqr     41.1   246  12.7  [33..45]
      Ixion    = 29Ca35 r   15n04   34n57    Lyn     40.6   247  19.6  [30..49]
      BL41     = 29Le50      8s38    3n26    Sex      9.4    31  13.3  [7..13]
---------------------
Photographica =     2 Sc 01

Daguerre          =   26 Pi 24  r
___________

Focused Minor Planets

OO67       =  9 Sc 10
Sun           =  8 Sc 41
Neptune  = 10 Ta 43 r
Chiron       = 10 Ta 44 r
CO1           =  8 Ta 18 r

Uranus   =  8 Vi 09      Sextile
RN43       =  8 Vi 34
Nessus    =  8 Cp 11

Saturn    = 10 Ar 23 r   Quincunx
YQ179    =    9 Ar 37 r
Deucalion=   8 Ge 14 r

SA278     =   9 Aq 08     Square

Chariklo   =   8 Li 28       Semisextile
Lilith         =   8 Li 17
---------------------

AW197    = 19 Ar 00 r
CF119     = 17 Ar 44 r
Node       = 17 Cp 57 r   Square

Jupiter   =   2 Pi 52       Semisquare

Photographica = 2 Sc 01  is trine Jupiter
---------------------

EL61      = 27 Ta 37 r
Pluto      = 26 Ta 45 r
Apogee  = 28 Ta 35

Venus   = 27 Vi 45       Trine
FZ53      =  27 Vi 52
Orcus   = 27 Cp 26    

Daguerre = 26 Pi 24  r  Sextile

Icarus     = 28 Sa 50      Quincunx
TY364    = 27 Li 15

__________________________                                                                                

Sidereal (Fagan/Bradley)

    RIYAL  Sat November 1 1879  UT 11h06m44s  Lat52n03  Lon13e23   SORT ALL     
      GZ32     =  0Le29      8n47   21n57    Leo     24.5   110  15.1  [18..28]
      DH5      =  0Ar52 r   18s18    7s45    Cet     19.8   104  22.5  [14..30]
      Mars     =  1Ta05 r    0s29   18n22    Tau      1.5     2   1.9           
      Mercury  =  1Sc24      1s41   20s31    Lib      0.5     0   7.0           
      Pallas   =  1Ca35     44s08   22s17    CMa      2.2     5  34.7  [2..3]   
      Pholus   =  2Aq03 r   12s55   25s16    Aqr     24.9    92  24.6  [9..32]  
      MS4      =  2Ca46 r   17s33    3n43    CMi     37.1   269  17.7  [36..48]
      PJ30     =  3Ca04 r    0s19   20n38    Gem     81.8  1336   5.6  [28..214]
      Amycus   =  3Li15     11s56   21s14    Vir     15.3   124  13.3  [15..35]
      Pluto    =  3Ta41 r   13s59    5n49    Tau     48.9   249  17.2  [30..49]
      TY364    =  4Li11     22n41   10n42    Boo     37.9   241  24.9  [36..41]
      Orcus    =  4Cp22     11n17    9s37    Aql     31.8   249  20.6  [30..49]
      EL61     =  4Ta33 r   26s14    5s58    Eri     37.2   286  28.2  [35..52]
      Venus    =  4Vi41      1s19    0s18    Vir      0.7     1   3.4           
      FZ53     =  4Vi48     16s01   13s49    Crt     13.3   115  34.9  [12..35]
      Bienor   =  5Ar14 r   17n46   27n21    Psc     16.3    68  20.7  [13..20]
      Apogee   =  5Ta31      3n50   23n36    Tau                                
      Icarus   =  5Sa46     19s48   43s15    CrA      0.9     1  23.1  [0..2]   
      Radamantu=  6Aq08 r    7s58   19s13    Aqr     41.1   246  12.7  [33..45]
      Ixion    =  6Ca31 r   15n04   34n57    Lyn     40.6   247  19.6  [30..49]
      BL41     =  6Le46      8s38    3n26    Sex      9.4    31  13.3  [7..13]  
      KX14     =  6Ta58 r    0n17   20n27    Tau     37.9   243   0.4  [37..41]
      Urania   =  7Sa02      0s34   24s02    Sgr      2.4     0   0.0  [0..0]   
      Juno     =  7Le05      8s35    3n23    Sex      2.3     4  13.0  [2..3]   
      PN34     =  7Ge19 r    8n09   31n37    Aur     42.2   173  16.7  [13..49]
      HB57     =  7Ge28 r   15s01    8n26    Ori    101.4  1980  15.5  [38..277]
      Phaethon =  7Ta39 r   20n32   40n18    Per      2.4     1  21.4  [0..2]   
      RL43     =  7Pi54 r    4s41    3s55    Psc     23.6   123  12.2  [23..26]
      TL66     =  8Sa38     20n10    3s17    Ser     84.0   771  24.0  [35..133]
      Sedna    =  9Pi47 r    7s50    6s03    Cet    141.5 12106  11.9  [77..977]
      Jupiter  =  9Aq48      1s18   11s41    Aqr      5.0    12   1.3           
      Hephaisto= 10Sc02      5s49   26s30    Sco      0.5     3  13.7  [0..4]   
      TC302    = 10Cp03     34s24   52s30    Ind     70.6   414  35.0  [40..71]
      GB32     = 10Ge30 r   14s09    9n15    Ori    109.4  2907  14.2  [35..372]
      RZ214    = 10Li33      0n16   12s28    Vir     74.4   778  20.6  [36..133]
      RM43     = 10Sa34      6s02   29s26    Sgr     87.9   874  28.8  [35..148]
      GV9      = 10Ar34 r   13n23   25n16    Tri     44.7   274  22.0  [39..45]
      FP185    = 10Ta35 r   28s46    7s24    Eri    104.5  3125  30.7  [34..393]
      QB1      = 11Li18      1s16   14s10    Vir     46.4   290   2.2  [41..47]
      (Moon)     = 11Ta24      3n28   24n28    Tau      1.0     0   5.0           
      Thereus  = 11Le34     16s06    5s12    Sex     12.4    38  20.2  [9..14]  
      XR190    = 11Aq53 r   46n52   33n39    Cyg     61.4   438  46.6  [53..62]
      VQ94     = 12Pi03 r   53s08   45s27    Phe    124.0  2608  70.2  [7..372]
      AZ84     = 12Cp12     11n23    7s54    Aql     33.7   251  13.6  [32..47]
      Heracles = 12Pi32 r   13n28   14n34    Peg      2.6     2   9.7  [0..3]   
      UJ438    = 12Sc38      1s03   22s18    Sco     20.8    73   3.8  [8..27]  
      SB60     = 12Le46     20s00    9s15    Sex     40.2   270  23.9  [37..46]
      XX143    = 12Vi55      6n28    3n34    Vir     20.6    76   6.8  [10..26]
      CZ118    = 13Ge01 r   26n07   49n23    Aur    104.9  1221  27.8  [38..191]
      RZ215    = 13Vi08     11s39   13s08    Crv     90.8  1021  25.6  [31..172]
      (Ascend)   = 13Sa17      0n00   23s18    Sgr                                
      XA255    = 13Aq46 r   10s21   18s36    Aqr     35.8   163  12.7  [9..50]  
      QB243    = 13Ta52 r    6n50   28n12    Tau     53.6   205   6.8  [15..54]
      VR130    = 14Aq01 r    1n16    7s45    Aqr     17.1   119   3.5  [15..34]
      FZ173    = 14Ta18 r   11n47   33n09    Per     90.2   785  12.7  [33..138]
      TX300    = 14Vi19     18s12   19s35    Crv     44.8   282  25.9  [38..48]
      TO66     = 14Vi23      6s35    9s00    Vir     39.4   283  27.5  [38..48]
      Uranus   = 15Le05      0n45    9n13    Leo     18.3    84   0.8           
      Nessus   = 15Sa07     14s27   37s37    CrA     16.7   122  15.6  [12..37]
      Damocles = 15Cp08      2s21   20s29    Cap     18.5    41  61.6  [2..22]  
      Deucalion= 15Ta10 r    0n06   21n47    Tau     46.0   294   0.4  [41..47]
      Lilith   = 15Vi13      4s18    7s15    Vir      2.9     0   0.0  [0..0]   
      CO1      = 15Ar14 r   13s05    1n52    Cet     28.3    94  19.7  [11..30]
      Chariklo = 15Vi24     20s27   22s03    Crv     13.1    62  23.4  [13..18]
      RN43     = 15Le30      9s12    0s11    Sex     42.4   266  19.3  [40..42]
      Sun      = 15Li37      0n00   14s24    Lib      1.0     1   0.0           
      SA278    = 16Cp04     10n25    7s55    Aqr    102.7   900  16.2  [33..153]
      OO67     = 16Li06     19n32    4n00    Vir    119.8 14503  20.1  [21..1169
      YQ179    = 16Pi33 r   20s52   15s21    Cet     91.9   842  20.9  [38..141]
      UX25     = 17Sc09     14n26    7s42    Oph     46.2   279  19.5  [37..49]
      Saturn  = 17Pi19 r    2s43    1n37    Cet      9.4    30   2.5           
      Neptune  = 17Ar39 r    1s51   13n18    Ari     29.8   166   1.8           
      Chiron   = 17Ar40 r    1s31   13n36    Ari     16.6    49   7.0  [8..18]  
      Echeclus = 17Ta45 r    4s37   17n30    Tau      8.7    34   4.3  [6..15]  
      MW12     = 17Ca57     17s24    0n42    Hya     48.3   307  21.6  [39..52]
      Cyllarus = 18Ge19 r    9n46   32n42    Gem     25.6   134  12.6  [16..36]
      XZ255    = 18Ca43      2n03   19n14    Cnc     16.2    63   2.6  [15..16]
      SQ73     = 18Ca58     16n02   32n31    Leo     20.6    74  17.5  [15..21]
      (Midheav)  = 19Li49      0n00   15s43    Lib                                
      Crantor  = 19Ar54 r   12s45    3n34    Cet     24.5    86  12.8  [14..25]
      Quaoar   = 20Ge07 r    8s03   14n47    Gem     44.0   285   8.0  [42..45]
      QD112    = 20Ge27 r   14n22   37n03    Aur     29.6    83  14.5  [8..30]  
      Chaos    = 20Sa34      9s58   32s40    Sgr     50.5   311  12.0  [41..50]
      KF77     = 20Sc38      3s42   26s08    Oph     20.1   133   4.3  [20..32]
      GQ21     = 20Ta52 r   11s52   10n42    Ori     80.8   895  13.3  [38..147]
      Asbolus  = 21Ge04 r   17n44   40n19    Aur     28.0    76  17.6  [7..29]  
      Eris     = 21Aq17 r   36s26   39s08    Scl     88.6   564  43.9  [39..98]
      Huya     = 21Ar35 r   13s19    3n29    Cet     50.0   249  15.5  [29..50]
      FY9      = 21Pi50 r   26s44   18s45    Cet     38.2   311  29.0  [38..54]
      Vesta    = 21Vi59      5n05    1s14    Vir      2.3     4   7.1  [2..3]   
      GM137    = 22Ta16 r    6s26   16n15    Tau      8.5    23  15.6  [7..9]   
      Pylenor  = 22Ge45 r    3s03   19n29    Gem     21.7    68   5.5  [12..22]
      UR163    = 23Vi16      0s43    7s05    Vir     46.8   368   0.7  [37..66]
      FX128    = 23Aq31 r    1n21    4s03    Aqr     95.2  1023  22.1  [18..185]
      RR43     = 23Li42     17n50    0n17    Ser     47.4   283  28.5  [37..49]
      Hylonome = 24Li28      3n06   14s06    Lib     20.1   125   4.2  [19..31]
      OX3      = 24Le36      3s10    1n58    Leo     33.9   180   3.3  [17..46]
      CF119    = 24Pi40 r   19n23   24n45    And     87.7   844  19.7  [39..139]
      Okyrhoe  = 24Pi41 r    8s02    0s28    Cet      9.4    24  15.8  [6..11]  
      CY118    = 24Ar53 r   23s57    5s52    Eri     88.5   858  25.5  [35..146]
      Node     = 24Sa53 r    0n00   22s15    Sgr                                
      CO104    = 25Ca45      1n46   16n52    Leo     20.6   118   3.1  [21..27]
      AW197    = 25Pi56 r   24n40   30n02    And     52.1   328  24.4  [42..53]
      Varuna   = 26Sa16      4s31   26s32    Sgr     42.1   284  17.2  [41..46]
      OM67     = 26Vi41     19s03   25s15    Hya     81.4   971  23.4  [39..157]
      Pelion   = 26Le49      6n04    9n35    Vir     20.7    89   9.4  [17..23]
      Vertex   = 26Ca53                                                         
      Ceres    = 27Ca10      6n26   20n51    Leo      2.6     5  10.6  [3..3]   
      CR105    = 27Aq23 r   16s29   18s53    Cet     79.5  3421  22.7  [45..410]
      OP32     = 27Ca42     18s50    3s19    Hya     44.6   282  27.2  [38..48]
      Elatus   = 28Le04      5n15    8n21    Vir     16.5    45   5.5  [7..18]  
      Logos    = 28Aq17 r    1s57    5s13    Aqr     46.9   307   2.9  [40..51]
      BU48     = 28Li29     13n44    4s52    Lib     46.0   191  14.3  [20..46]
      WL7      = 28Sc42     10s42   33s52    Sco     25.2    91  11.2  [15..25]
      RD215    = 28Li45     10n48    7s47    Lib     86.6  1369  26.0  [37..209]
      TD10     = 29Vi11      1n54    6s54    Vir    104.1   933   6.0  [12..179]
      CR46     = 29Cp19 r    1s06   15s06    Cap     57.7   233   2.4  [18..58]
      VS2      = 29Li50     13s26   31s27    Lup     42.4   247  14.8  [36..42]
      PB112    = 29Li56     13s02   31s07    Lup     95.7  1125  15.5  [35..181]
---------------------

Photographica =  8 Li 57

Daguerre          =  3 Pi 20                                                                                
_______________

Focused Minor Planets


OO67       =  16 Li 06
Sun           =  15 Li 37
Neptune  = 17 Ar 39 r  
Chiron       = 17 Ar 40 r  
CO1          = 15 Ar 14 r

Uranus    = 15 Le 05    Sextile
RN43        = 15 Le 30
Nessus    =  15 Sa 07

Saturn    =  17 Pi 19 r  Quincunx
YQ179    =   16 Pi 33 r
Deucalion=  15 Ta 10 r

SA278     =  16 Cp 04   Square

Chariklo  =  15 Vi 24     Semisextile
Lilith         =  15 Vi 13
---------------------

AW197    = 25 Pi 56 r
CF119     = 24 Pi 40 r

Node       = 24 Sa 53 r  Square

Jupiter    =   9 Aq 48    Semisquare

Photographica =  8 Li 57  is trine Jupiter

---------------------

EL61       =   4 Ta 33 r
Pluto       =   3 Ta 41 r
Apogee   =   5 Ta 31  

Venus    =   4 Vi 41      Trine
FZ53        =   4 Vi 48  
Orcus     =   4 Cp 22

Daguerre  =  3 Pi 20     Sextile

Icarus       =   5 Sa 46    Quincunx
TY364      =   4 Li 11
__________________________________________

Posted to Centaurs (YahooGroups) on October 07, 2006

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